3D graphics and animation refer to the creation of computer-generated imagery (CGI) that appears to exist in three dimensions. This type of imagery is often used in movies, video games, and virtual reality applications.
The process of creating 3D graphics and animation involves several steps, including:
- Modeling: This is the process of creating a 3D model of an object or character. The model is created using specialized software and is made up of a series of interconnected polygons.
- Texturing: Once the model is created, textures are applied to its surface to give it a more realistic appearance. Textures can include things like color, bump maps, and reflective surfaces.
- Lighting: Lighting is used to create shadows and highlights on the model, which helps to make it look more three-dimensional.
- Animation: Finally, the model is animated by creating a series of frames that show it moving over time. This can include everything from simple movements, like walking or waving, to complex actions, like fighting or flying.
All of these steps are combined to create a final 3D animation, which can be rendered into a video file or used in real-time applications like video games.